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Sources of business finance can be categorized in different ways. The current needs of a business are satisfied by the short-term finance. Current needs in business include things such as payment of wages or salaries, expenses associated with repair and payment of taxes. Short term finance is necessary because purchase payments and sales revenue are not perfectly similar at all times. It is evident that the transactions can be sometimes lower than the purchases. Additionally, sales may be done on credit, but purchases are done on cash. Short term finance is therefore important to help in matching this disequilibrium.

There are also different sources of short-term finance. One of the forms of short-term finance and many people use this type as a source of business capital. Under this type of business finance, a client can withdraw more money than he or she has in the bank. Thus it makes it easier for the entrepreneur to meet unanticipated short-term expenses without any problems. Bill discounting is another form where bills of exchange are discounted at the banks. Bill discounting provides money to the bill holder which can be used to settle immediate financial needs. Advance given to customers are demanded and received for the confirmation of orders, but they also provide finance for the current orders. Purchases on installments gives enough time to the entrepreneur to make the necessary payments. Export, import documents and bill lading are used as a guarantee to take a loan from the bank, and the loan can be used in financing short-term expenses. Business people can also get access to short-term loans from banks, and this can be very useful in settling financial difficulties.

Medium term finance is another type of business finance used in settling medium-term requirements. Medium-term finances are fundamentally necessary for the balancing, renovation, and replacement of machinery and the plant. Medium-term finance is also used in re-engineering the organization.

There are different sources of medium-term finance. Commercial banks are the primary source of wealth which can fulfill medium-term financial requirements. Business people get loans from commercial banks for different time periods against the relevant securities. Another source of money is hire purchase which involves purchase goods in installments. Hire purchase allows the business entity to have the essential goods with payments to be made in future in agreed installments. Some financial institutions also provide long-term loans to businesses.

Long-term finance is the last form of business capital and is used on permanent basis or for a period of more than five years. They are used to meet the desired structural changes and massive modernization of the business. Retained earnings and equity shares are some of the examples of long-term finances which can be used in financing business projects.

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