Many will brush off antibody as just a biological term but they may not understand what antibodies and what they do in their body. In description antibodies are immunoglobulin that are produced by a type of white blood cell. Antibodies are large and Y shaped and their role in the immune system is to respond to the presence of disease causing organisms in the body. When disease causing organisms enter the body , the immune system springs into action immediately. Bacteria, virus and other chemicals are the most common disease causing organisms or threats to the well-being of the body. Upon the antigen entry being detected the immune system will produce antibodies which mark the disease causing organism and its destroyed. It is right to picture antibodies as scouts which are sent throughout the body to mark the antigen by sticking to it and the immune system can conveniently destroy it.
The antibodies are made each for a specific antigen in the body and it has receptors that stick to the specific antigen his, means that if the antibody is not for the antigen it will not stick to it. Once the antigen has been fought by the body, the antibody is not discarded the body keeps it just in case there is a similar attack in the future. The process of dealing with the antigen for a second time will be much faster and in the earlier stages of the infection. Immunizations are made in the form of weak antigens that are not strong enough to make the body sick but enough to help the body trigger the creation of antibodies. Antibodies exist in five types and surprisingly they are located in different parts the body.
Medicine continues to advance and to the benefit of us all, to study and understand biology deeper professionals in medicine will manipulate the aspects of biology. Immunohistochemistry combines the use of immunological , biochemical and anatomical means to image the components that are highly discrete in the tissue by using antibodies that have been labeled to stick to the antigen. The antigens in this procedure are targeted and specific.
Immunohistochemistry(IHC) has a range of applications which are development of drugs , biological research and developing drugs. When performing tests for presence of tumors in the body androgen markers are used in IHC, this is one very effective way. IHC is used as a primary diagnosis or it could be used as a confirmatory procedure because dome of the diseases could require more than one test so as to say you have conclusive results . In research the immunohistochemistry procedure can be used with other procedures of analysis or be relied on alone depending on what the research is after. In development of drugs, immunohistochemistry checks for the efficacy , activity or changes in the tissue with targeted antigens.